In this Jewish Philosophy lecture, David explores the ideas and contributions of four philosophers:
- Nachman Krochmal
- Hermann Cohen
- Franz Rosenzweig, and
- Martin Buber
who lived from the late 18th to early 20th centuries.
This post-Enlightenment period saw a movement from reason to existentialism, influenced by Kierkegaard, Kant, and Hegel.
David’s examination of these Jewish philosophers reveals:
- Nachman Krochmal and his consideration of the religious versus the good
- Hermann Cohen and his emphasis on a return to Jewish sources and the concepts of being and becoming
- Franz Rosenzweig and his replacement of Enlightenment universalism with three modes of relationship between the Divine, the world, and humanity – as well as creation, revelation, and redemption
- Martin Buber and his exploration of dialogic relationships and expressed in his work “I and Thou.”
In his discussion of these four remarkable thinkers, David provides historical background to Jewish life in Europe – including the impact of emancipation and assimilation – and how this played out in the individual stories of these figures.